Visual perception refers to information that is perceived through the eyes.
Although most children develop the ability to focus visually and to make fine discriminations in visual images as they grow, some children will take longer to develop these skills and may need some additional help, or additional practice.
Good visual perception is an important skill. Children need to good visual perception to discriminate well, develop visual memory of things observed, develop good eye-hand coordination and integrate visual information.
Visual perception is a complex process. It includes:
Colour perception - the ability to distinguish different colours
Shape perception - the ability to recognise shapes
Spatial relations - interpreting the position of one object in relation to others
Visual analysis and synthesis - the ability to differentiate between parts and whole objects e.g. letters that make up words.
Visual closure - the ability to complete an incomplete image e.g. a puzzle
Visual conceptualizing - making pictures in the mind based on observations, experiences and data
Visual discrimination - interpreting differences between objects observed e.g. spoon versus fork
Visual figure-ground distinction - focusing on important impressions amidst many, e.g. selecting a red mable among many
Visual memory - the ability to store and recall information perceived with the eyes either spatial e.g. remembering a phone number
Visual pattern-following - recognizing and repeating a visual pattern
Visual sequence - observing images in a realistic order
These are all skills which can be developed and improved with practice, until they become skills that are performed almost effortlessly.